「转」阿里云部署Docker(4)----容器的使用
in docker阿里云 with 0 comment

「转」阿里云部署Docker(4)----容器的使用

in docker阿里云 with 0 comment

阿里云部署Docker(4)----容器的使用
时间:2014-11-22 来源:服务器之家 投稿:root

阿里云部署Docker系列文章目录:
阿里云部署Docker(1)----阿里云Ubuntu环境搭建Docker服务
阿里云部署Docker(2)
阿里云部署Docker(3)----指令学习
阿里云部署Docker(4)----容器的使用
阿里云部署Docker(5)----管理和发布您的镜像
阿里云部署Docker(6)----解决删除<none>镜像问题
阿里云部署Docker(7)----将容器连接起来
阿里云部署Docker(8)----安装和使用redmine
阿里云部署Docker(9)----Dockerfile脚本定制镜像

通过上一节的学习,我们知道如何运行docker容器,我们运行了一个普通的,一个后台的,我们还学习了几个指令:

docker ps - Lists containers.
docker logs - Shows us the standard output of a container.
docker stop - Stops running containers.

我们还可以查看下docker的版本:
root@iZ28ikebrg6Z:~# docker version
Client version: 1.2.0
Client API version: 1.14
Go version (client): go1.3.1
Git commit (client): fa7b24f
OS/Arch (client): linux/amd64
Server version: 1.2.0
Server API version: 1.14
Go version (server): go1.3.1
Git commit (server): fa7b24f
root@iZ28ikebrg6Z:~#

docker是基于google公司的Go语言的。

如果不知道docker怎么用,或者忘记了的时候,直接输入docker,会给出用法提示

root@iZ28ikebrg6Z:~# docker
Usage: docker [OPTIONS] COMMAND [arg...]
-H=[unix:///var/run/docker.sock]: tcp://host:port to bind/connect to or unix://path/to/socket to use

A self-sufficient runtime for linux containers.

Commands:

attach    Attach to a running container
build     Build an image from a Dockerfile
commit    Create a new image from a container's changes
cp        Copy files/folders from a container's filesystem to the host path
diff      Inspect changes on a container's filesystem
events    Get real time events from the server
export    Stream the contents of a container as a tar archive
history   Show the history of an image
images    List images
import    Create a new filesystem image from the contents of a tarball
info      Display system-wide information
inspect   Return low-level information on a container
kill      Kill a running container
load      Load an image from a tar archive
login     Register or log in to a Docker registry server
logout    Log out from a Docker registry server
logs      Fetch the logs of a container
port      Lookup the public-facing port that is NAT-ed to PRIVATE_PORT
pause     Pause all processes within a container
ps        List containers
pull      Pull an image or a repository from a Docker registry server
push      Push an image or a repository to a Docker registry server
restart   Restart a running container
rm        Remove one or more containers
rmi       Remove one or more images
run       Run a command in a new container
save      Save an image to a tar archive
search    Search for an image on the Docker Hub
start     Start a stopped container
stop      Stop a running container
tag       Tag an image into a repository
top       Lookup the running processes of a container
unpause   Unpause a paused container
version   Show the Docker version information
wait      Block until a container stops, then print its exit code

root@iZ28ikebrg6Z:~#

docker后面跟指令,
root@iZ28ikebrg6Z:~# docker attach

Usage: docker attach [OPTIONS] CONTAINER

Attach to a running container

--no-stdin=false Do not attach STDIN
--sig-proxy=true Proxy all received signals to the process (even in non-TTY mode). SIGCHLD, SIGKILL, and SIGSTOP are not proxied.
root@iZ28ikebrg6Z:~#

如果输入非法,总是会给出提示,告诉你怎么用。 Running a Web Application in Docker 利用Docker构建一个web程序

我们执行一个web应用。

root@iZ28ikebrg6Z:~# docker run -d -P training/weapp python app.py
Unable to find image 'training/weapp' locally
Pulling repository training/weapp
2014/10/16 11:01:56 Error: image training/weapp not found
root@iZ28ikebrg6Z:~# docker run -d -P training/webapp python app.py
Unable to find image 'training/webapp' locally
Pulling repository training/webapp
31fa814ba25a: Pulling dependent layers
511136ea3c5a: Download complete
f10ebce2c0e1: Download complete
82cdea7ab5b5: Download complete
5dbd9cb5a02f: Download complete
31fa814ba25a: Download complete
64523f641a05: Download complete
0e2afc9aad6e: Download complete
e8fc7643ceb1: Download complete
733b0e3dbcee: Download complete
a1feb043c441: Download complete
e12923494f6a: Download complete
a15f98c46748: Download complete
09792841c0b448a330a89ee656b4a16605d835f9d43bb7d6f80f204b6e8ed5b2
root@iZ28ikebrg6Z:~# docker ps
CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES
09792841c0b4 training/webapp:latest "python app.py" 54 minutes ago Up 54 minutes 0.0.0.0:49153->5000/tcp compassionate_torvalds
root@iZ28ikebrg6Z:~# docker ps
CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES
09792841c0b4 training/webapp:latest "python app.py" 56 minutes ago Up 56 minutes 0.0.0.0:49153->5000/tcp compassionate_torvalds
root@iZ28ikebrg6Z:~#

第一次敲错了。第二次它会去docker库下载,下载完了,ps查看一下。多了一行Ports。表示将本机的49153端口映射到compassionate_toralds容器的5000端口。

我用浏览器试一下。-d选项,我们已经讲过,是将程序后台化;-P,大写的P,是让docker来指定一个端口映射。这里是49153,你可以通过-p小写的来指定这种映射关系。

如下效果:

好,可以访问。哈哈。

root@iZ28ikebrg6Z:~# docker run -d -p 5000:5000 training/webapp python app.py
aa47ba8e71c8512f228a96bf80da117b6c86fc03bdb17eef1c2db353a3e18493

好,再访问一下。

转载请注明原文地址:http://www.server110.com/docker/201411/11138.html

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